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報道写真(戦場写真)の変遷 ②

2010年12月14日 · コメント(10) · 古書

前回の西南戦争における錦絵に続いて今回は、世界的な写真報道の胎動として日露戦争における報道写真、特にそれを発信していた従軍記者や写真家の写真をお伝えしたいと思いましたが、最近1938年版「LIFE」を入手し、余りにショッキングな南京大虐殺の写真が掲載されておりましたので、急遽その写真をお伝えします。之は弊社で在庫致しております 『John G. Morris’s Collection』 の所有者であったMorrisが同誌の写真編集者をされていた時期と重なります。

 『John G. Morris’s Collection』につきましてはこちらをご高覧下さい。

また、本号は在庫品として手元にございます。是非ご照会下さい。

Life50    Life51

Nankin01

A  Civilian of Nanking,in a state of extreme grief,carries his dying son, wounded by a Japanese bomb splinter. This was on Dec.6, just before the Japanese columns closed in on the high, ancient walls of the city. Notice the earth barricades being raised inside the gate. About l50,000 Nanking civilians, like this one,cowered throughout the siege in a "safety zone" unofficially organized by some 27 white men who stayed in Nanhing. Of these 18 were Americans. The Japanese army more or less honored the safety zone

Nankin02

Soldiers and civilians were tied in groups of fifty and executed by the Japanese Army, angered by house-to-house fighting inside Nanking. The bodies above have been dead some time. Notice telephone pole and wires lying across the men in foreground. Japanese soldiers in background are using the carts for systematic looting of shops, chiefly for food. Unusual in a well-disciplined army like Japan’s, the organized looting of Nanking would indicate that the Japanese Army commissariat needs food more than prestige.

Nankin03

Nanking’s conqueror, Lieut-General Iwane Matsui, broods in the sun on a job thoroughly done. He had given the Chinese defenders of Nanking warning that unless they surrendered, "the anticipated hostilities bode no good for any one." After a brief rest for tired troops, Matsui prepared to pursue Chiang Kai-shek to Chungking,1,400 miles inland.

松井 石根(明治11年(1878年)7月27日 – 昭和23年(1948年)12月23日)、中支那方面軍司令官兼上海派遣軍司令官、ハルピン特務機関長、陸軍大将。正三位勲一等功一級。ポツダム宣言受諾後、「南京大虐殺」の責任を問われてBC級戦犯にも拘わらず極東国際軍事裁判(東京裁判)にて死刑判決を受け、処刑された。現在は靖国神社に合祀されている。孫文の大アジア主義に強く共鳴し、蒋介石の友人でもあった将軍の色々な逸話から、事件とは別に人生の悪戯を感じざるを得ない。

 

 

A shocking picture here, but we can’t  show it.

 

 

Chinese head, whose owner was incorrigibly anti-Japanese, was wedged in a barbed-wire barricade outside Nanking just before the city fell, Dec. 14. It remained in good condition in the freezing weather, facing toward Nanking, as the city whose capture was celebrated in Japan on Dec. 10, continued to spit fire at its conquerors through the 13th, 14th, 15th, and on the 16th the Japanese Army spokesman in Shanghai admitted, "We cannot say Nanking is 100 percent quiet. It will probably require two or three days more."

 

(Y.O.)

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コメント(10)

  • Respiratory Therapist

    Great information! I’ve been looking for something like this for a while now. Thanks!

    • Yoshi

      Thank you very much for your kind compliment. If you should not mind, would you please tell us
      what were you sparked at thought from an angle.

  • Monex

    capital city of Nanking and proceeded to murder 300 000 out of 600 000. known as the Rape of Nanking and represented the single worst atrocity. The actual military invasion of Nanking was preceded by a tough battle.

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  • Yoshi

    I have been studying about Russo-Japanese war history personally. It was the first time that photojournalists worked world widely in the war. Recently we obtained a collection which was owned by Mr. John G.Morris. He was an editor of LIFE in cooperation with famose photojournalist like Robert Capa and Henri Cartier-Bresson. One of our customers taught me about the issue during Mr.Morris’s editorial period. I think it is splendid that we can still appeal the fact even which was published more than 70 years ago. We are enjoying internet and obtained much more convenient communication. But can we keep something like this fact as one of social archives in the internet after 70 years ?

    I sincerely do not know how many people were killed in Nanking, but it was truth that Japanese army did crazy things there without any excuses. But I knew about general Matsui, a commander in chief of the dispatched army there, from this article. He had great sympathy toward China and worked together with Shunk-Kai-Shek once and ordered his troupes in good order, but sad thing was occurred. He was arrested war criminal under B/C class at international war court in the far east and was hanged only because of Nanking. He is also one of the Japanese.

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